The late twentieth- and early twenty-first centuries have brought many unprecedented challenges and opportunities. Even as Brexit has exposed gaping fault lines in the internationalist agenda, globalization and the flattening of the world mean that countries and individuals are intertwined like never before in history. Against this backdrop, standards of living in many countries have skyrocketed, millions of people have escaped poverty, and countless others have capitalized on new opportunities in work and life. At the same time, serious problems have emerged that pose a threat to sustained peace and prosperity across the globe. In this course, we explore the nature of these challenges and opportunities, why they have arisen, and what they portend for the future political and economic trajectory of citizens and societies. Particular attention is paid to topics such as global governance, labor markets, social policy, growth strategies, democracy and human rights, migration, and the environment. By the end of the course, students better understand what globalization is, what aspects of modern political and economic systems are due to globalization, the key advantages and disadvantages of globalization, and how globalization influences an array of exigent policy issues.